There are several movies being done in the world, but the importance of making a big hit movie depends upon how many people want to see it. People go to the movies to experience different kind of sensations based on their moods. For example, if one wants to laugh, then one will go to a comic movie, same as if one is in love, one will go to see a romantic movie. There, it lays the importance of making a good movie, a movie that touches people´s emotions. Now, with all the things going on in the world, people are going to the movies more to find a sort of relief, and it depends on how good the movie is, that they will go home either satisfied or not that they saw this movie. However, the best movies come from real life experiences, or from best seller books. Also, movies reflecting worldwide issues have a big impact in people such as for example, movies showing climate or earth issues. The importance then of making a movie nowadays is also to know how many people are aware or have lived what is being reflected in the movie. For example, a tsunami movie, something that has happened actually in several parts of the world, will gather more attention from audiences all over the world if these audiences are aware where these tsunamis happened and want to see it reflected in a movie. Lets think about another one, in the world people love animals, so comic movies or any movies involving animals always will créate a sensation. Now, seeing animals doing funny things will always make an audience laugh and better it is a comic movie. Now science fiction movies is all about creativity, and some movies are very creative, and that is an ilution for audiences eyes that when you come out of theather, you actually want that to happen, that is how good the movie was. Another important matter is who is in the movie as well, some actors and actresses carry so many fans that whatever movie they make, many will go to see these movies just because they are in it, there the important when thinking about a big hit movie, this goes along with what actors or actresses are in it too. As many issues in the world increase, the demand for movies will grow because movies sometimes can be like a cure to either transmit a message, build an emotion, teach you something or simply to make you feel better. Movies can be very powerful tool to transmit something, and even governments can use this tool to raise awareness of an issue. There is more use that anyone can think of when it comes to movies. Think that a movie is being watched all over the world, so whatever is in it, it will reflect cultural traits of a country, creativity of the country, and how good the movie industry is in the country of course. When a movie uses or shows ambulances, pólice cars, stores, products, governments, is actually showing the world how they look like because every country has its own style. Anyway, the future of movies is good, and every country needs to develop it because now with all this technology, basically anything is posible to do. However, if there is something, I have to say is that best movies come from real life experiences, those are the ones that touch several hearts.
The United States has always been a leading country when it comes to LGBTI human rights. In 2014, there has been several advances for the LGBTI community in this country. History tells us that in 1980, the United States Democratic Party became the first major political party in the U.S. to endorse a homosexual rights platform plank. Politics nowadays is a very important factor to achieve recognition of LGBTI human rights worldwide. However, why is it hard in these days to achieve equality of rights? The answer is because we are lacking representation. And, why is the LGBTI community lacking representation? Because the LGBTI community worldwide is divided, because the LGBTI community is not very involved in politics and because the LGBTI community does not create strong strategies to move forward faster. Although this article is referred mostly to American politics, it has general ideas that can apply to any nation.
When we talk about Equality as LGBTI community, it means to live in a society in which we feel we are free and equal just like everybody else is. Equality can only be achieved in our case, through laws that are established by our politicians. The importance then to get involved with politicians or be in politics in highly recommended. It is a mutual relationship, they need us, we need them. In America, politics is much easier because there are only two sides: Democrats and Republicans. In other countries, there are so many political parties that it is really hard to choose one. The LGBTI community in America then must unite and choose one political side only to obtain more representation. However, the LGBTI community in America must have a clear picture of the word Equality. For example, if we talk about ENDA and its exemptions, we already know we are not pursuing equality fully. The thing is that, the steps LGBTI Americans take set an example for the world to follow, and the world is leading towards full equality not half of it. The Democratic party then and based on history has been the first one to step foward towards equality of rights, something that should be taken in consideration besides the fact that the President and Vice President of the United States support equality of rights as well. If the LGBTI community in America take one side politically speaking, then LGBTI Americans will obtain more representation and by consequence, more progress towards equality of rights.
Half of 2014 has passed and the idea is that, in this other half of the year and the next year, more states in America should achieve equality of rights and more marriage equalities as well. It is important always to remember who were in our side or were in the right side of history, professionals, businesses, congresists, and many others because they believed in us, they wanted us to be happy as well. There is no debate and no argument when it comes to human rights because we all deserve the right to be treated equally and by consequence, we all deserve the right to be happy and this is unquestionable. The next elections are coming on November in America, it is important to check politicians´ agendas to see if they have included us. It is important to remember as well who were the ones who impeded our happiness and tried to block our human rights by any means. But most important, it is the time to achieve political representation, because the work doesnt end with a marriage equality, education and concientization is a constant endeavor until a federal civil rights bill finally seals a constant pursuing of our human rights, and we finally feel we are equal under the law fully. This year and next is the time to unite, it is the time to fight for our rights and set a better America for the next generations to enjoy. Dont forget the elections, think well to continue with this outstanding work we have achieved until now.
Yvo Minchon, an LGBTI activist.
A new National Human Rights Plan 2014-2016 was approved by the Peruvian Cabinet of Ministers on July 4th, 2014. A tremendous surprise was for the LGBTI community in Peru to find out that they were excluded completely from this new human rights plan. It is important to remark that all vulnerable communities were included in this new human rights plan, but only the LGBTI community was excluded as a vulnerable community.
In the previous National Human Rights Plan 2006-2010, there were nineteen activities proposed towards the human rights of the LGBTI community in Peru. However, when it was approved, it only contained four activities and two clauses that basically blocked any recognition of human rights for the LGBTI community in Peru. Out of those four activities, the first one was partially done, and the other three were not done. These four activities were as follows:
1) Evaluate the current regulations and issue the necessary recommendations to sanction violent or degrading practices against persons based on their sexual orientation (PARTIALLY DONE).
2) Promote norms to punish degrading messages that are diffused through media against people based on their sexual orientation (NOT DONE).
3) Promote actions that include the promotion of tolerance and respect for the rights of people with different sexual orientation (NOT DONE).
4) Implement training programs on human rights for health operators to ensure that quality care services are provided, and that the rights of people with different sexual orientation are respected (NOT DONE).
CLAUSES: This protection does not extend the recognition of the right to marry between same sex couples, legalize their union or adopt children, for not being in accordance with the existing legal framework. The provisions related to this strategic objective does not affect what is established in the regulations of the military institutions in accordance with the Constitution and the laws of the Republic.
In this new National Human Rights Plan 2014-2016, eighteen activities were proposed to address human rights for the LGBTI community in Peru as of November 2012. Then, it was revised by the Justice Ministry on December 2012. Another revision was prepared by the Human Rights Viceminister from the Justice Ministry on January 2013, and finally the new National Human Rights Plan 2014-2016 was approved on July 2014 eliminating all the eighteen activities proposed to address the LGBTI vulnerable community. The eighteen activities were:
1) Promote a legislative framework that prohibits and penalizes discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity with an emphasis on access to employment, housing, education and health care.
2) Approve a legislative framework that prohibits and penalizes discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity with an emphasis on access to employment, housing, education and health care.
3) Adopt measures to ensure awareness to guarantee no discrimination by sexual orientation or gender identity with an emphasis on access to employment, housing, education and health care.
4) Adopt a norm that recognizes gender identity of transgender people in accordance with international standards applied to human rights, and the foundations of the Constitutional Court expressed in report number 2273-2005-PHC/TC
5) Ratify the Ibero-American Human Rights Convention of young people without reservations or interpretative statements that may involve discrimination against LGBTI populations.
6) Subscribe the declarations of the United Nations about human rights of people with different sexual orientation or gender identity.
7) Adapt the internal regulations of the Defense Ministry to repeal article 269 of the military justice code for its discriminatory character on gender identity and sexual orientation in accordance with the judgment of the Constitutional Court 926-2007-PA/TC.
8) Adapt INDECOPI resolutions to the mandates of the Constitutional Court regarding valuation of proof in cases of discrimination.
9) Implement a system for recording and monitoring violent cases, homophobia, lesbophobia and transphobia and discrimination against the LGBTI community.
10) Promote inclusion in regional and local plans for equal opportunities, discrimination for sexual orientation and gender identity, and inclusion of measures to guarantee their rights.
11) Include in all norms, policies and guidelines of the Health Ministry, health needs and differentiated care protocol for people with different sexual orientations as user of health facilities.
12) Set policies and take actions of sensitization and training in comprehensive sex education directed to teachers and students to visualize the existence of children, adolescents and youth with different sexual orientations and gender identities, and how to combat discrimination, abuse and mockery perpetrated against this people.
13) Adapt annex III of law 29356, law of the disciplinary regime of the Peruvian National Police to the standards established by the judgment of the Constitutional Court of November 3rd, 2009 (Report number 00926-2006-PA/TC).
14) Promote in a coordinated way, the adoption of standardized ordinances that penalize any discriminatory conduct that prevents lesbians, gays, transgenders, bisexuals, or sex workers enjoy the fame fundamental rights of the person established in the Peruvian Constitution, national laws, that cannot be discriminated against on grounds not covered by existing laws by reason of their sexual orientation and gender identity.
15) Promote norms to punish degrading messages that are diffused through media against people based on their sexual orientation or gender identity.
16) Implement training programs on human rights for health operators of the Health Ministry to ensure that quality care services are provided, and that the rights of people with different sexual orientation are respected.
17) Apply Yogyakarta principles on the application of International Human Rights Law in relation to sexual orientation and gender identity as a guide for the elaboration of public policies based on the recommendation to the Peruvian Government in the first review cycle of of the periodic universal exam (A/HRC/8/37, recommendation 52.2).
18) Approve a legal mechanism to ensure the exercise of the right to housing through the legal recognition of couples formed by two people regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity by creating a community of property to generate wealth and inheritance rights.
The elimination of the eighteen proposed activities mentioned above and all mention of the human rights of the LGBTI community in this new National Human Rights Plan 2014-2016 has been justified by the Human Rights Viceminister, José Ávila, who mentioned that the Peruvian government treats discrimination in a general way.
At the same time, Justice Ministry, Daniel Figallo, assured that homosexuals have not been excluded from the National Human Righs Plan 2014-2016, if not that an emphasis has been put on measures that protect all minorities that suffer discrimination including sexual minorities.
The new National Human Rights Plan 2014-2016 barely mentions the following: ¨Equality of gender and commitment to banish practices, concepts and language to justify the superiority of either sex and all kinds of discrimination and sexual or social exclusion¨ Then, in the whole plan, the LGBTI community does not show up anywhere.
Once again, the Peruvian government has done it. It has violated the human rights of the LGBTI community in Peru nationally and internationally. After rejecting a hate crime law in 2013 that could have protected the LGBTI community in Peru against discrimination based on their sexual orientation and gender identity, the Peruvian government has the nerve to exclude the Peruvian LGBTI community from its National Human Rights Plan 2014-2016. Basically, the LGBTI community does not exist for this Peruvian government. The question is until when the Peruvian government will behave this way. When the Peruvian government is going to realize that we exist and that we are not invisible. They all act and make nonsense excuses to cover up their homophobia or better say, their thinking, ¨I do not want to work with you, and I do not care about your human rights¨ This thinking has been carried on for years, and the Peruvian government does not seem to get it. When most of the world is moving towards equality, our Peruvian goverment moves backwards because at least the LGBTI community was mentioned in the previous National Human Rights Plan 2006-2010 although many of those activities were not done either. Even worse, the Peruvian government keep saying to the world that it is working towards social inclusion, social inclusion that we, as an LGBTI community, do not see it because we were not mentioned or there are not any activities in favor of our community in this new National Human Rights Plan 2014-2016.
Right after this new National Human Rights Plan 2014-2016 was approved by the Peruvian Cabinet of Ministers, the LGBTI organizations all over Peru stood up to claim for their human rights. In the capital of Lima, LGBTI activists protested for this exclusion of their human rights as well as seen in the video down below.
No more homophobia, verbal abuses, violent attacks and killings, this has got to change! For a real social inclusion, we need a better government that understands our LGBTI human rights and support them. We exist, we are visible, we live in this country, and we contribute to it just like everybody else, human rights now!
Yvo R. Minchon, an LGBTI activist